Malaria, also known as malaria, is a parasitic disease that is transmitted by a mosquito. In recent years, this disease has killed many people around the world. However, effective treatments exist to cure malaria. And so far, a vaccine against malaria has not yet been discovered. Travellers, tourists and the population in certain areas are the victims. So, how do you get malaria? To answer this question, you only need to know the causes of the disease, but also the areas most affected, as well as the symptoms.
Causes of malaria
Malaria is a parasitic disease and is therefore transmitted to humans by the bite of a mosquito called anopheles. The latter is a plasmodium mosquito. There are four species of plasmodium that carry malaria. The most dangerous is called plasmodium falciparum, and it is the most deadly. Then there is plasmodium malariae, plasmodium ovale, and plasmodium vivax. However, malaria is not transmitted from human to human except for a pregnant woman to her baby. When the parasite enters the body, it travels to the liver and infects and destroys red blood cells. Without prompt treatment, malaria can be fatal as there is no vaccine against it.
Who is most affected?
According to the World Health Organisation, malaria kills up to three million people per year. It is therefore considered a common disease in Africa, Asia and South America. The local population as well as tourists in these areas of the world are the most affected by malaria. Children are also the most affected by death due to this parasitic disease. There is therefore a huge number of deaths and infected cases in the world and especially in areas like Africa, Asia and South America. It is therefore a problem that is still being solved because the vaccine against malaria is not yet available.
What are the symptoms?
There is a variation in the signs of malaria depending on the individual. The first symptom is usually a fever. These fevers appear 8 to 30 days after the bite of the Anopheles. The fevers are then accompanied by headaches, diarrhoea, vomiting, intense sweating and tremors. If treated quickly, the disease can be completely cured even without a malaria vaccine.